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Biomass energy

Biofuels, due to their state of concentration, can be divided into solid, liquid and biogas in the gaseous form. Solid fuels can be used for energy purposes in direct combustion, gasification and pyrolysis processes. They are for example:

  • wood and wood waste (including woodchips from fast-growing tree species like: willow, poplar)
  • straw and grains (cereals, rape)
  • special crop energy crops of the family Miscanthus, Topinambur etc.
  • sewage sludge
  • waste paper
  • a number of other plant waste arising at the stages of cultivation and harvesting as well as industrial processing of products (hay, maize, sugarcane and swampy cane, olive husk, roots, residues of fruit processing, etc.).

The diversity of starting material and the need to adapt technology and power make biofuels used in various forms. Wood in the form of slabs, flaked (chips, cuttings, sawdust, wood dust) and compacted (briquettes, pellets). Straw and other non-lignite biofuels are used in the form of compacted cubes and bales, chopped as well as briquettes and pellets.

Global benefits are associated with a reduction in the negative environmental impact of fossil fuels (pollution emissions, waste generation, soil and landscape degradation), an opportunity to increase revenues for agriculture, forestry and horticulture, and to create new jobs in the sector of harvesting and preparation biofuel.