Recent centuries are a period of rapid industrial development of the world. A progress in science and technology have allowed a significant part of the human population to achieve a relatively high standard of living. Improved
Health conditions improved, life expectancy increased, consumption of food and material goods increased. This is accompanied by a rapid increase in the population of the world. This is connected with the increase in use of non-renewable natural resources. This applies not only to energy but to almost all industrial raw materials. Such intense human activity leads to a rapid depletion of easier and cheaper resources. As resources deplete, resources become more difficult to exploit, resulting in increased costs associated with meeting the growing needs.
Maintaining the current system of production and life must lead to irreversible destruction of the Earth. There is a need for radical changes in social attitudes when energy, mineral and food depletion and the deterioration of the environment and living standards become real.
The need for a sustainable future for the future generates, protects the planet's natural resources, protects the climate of the Earth, and the right of every person to breathe clean air into national legislation. The Constitution of R.P. (1997) in Article 5 states:
"The Republic of Poland ... ensures environmental protection, guided by the principle of sustainable development".
The Act of the Environmental Protection writes about sustainable development:
"Sustainable development is a socio-economic development in which the process of integrating political, economic and social activities with the preservation of the natural balance and the sustainability of basic natural processes is balanced - in order to balance the opportunities for access to the environment of individual communities or citizens - both contemporary and future generations".